Soal Reading Comprehension seringkali jumlahnya lebih banyak dari pada jenis soal-soal yang lainya, maka dibutuhkan strategi untuk menjawab soal-soal agar efectif dan efesient. Berikut ini beberapa pertanyaan yang sering kamu jumpai saat mengerjakan tes reading comprehension;
a) What is the main idea of the paragraph?
b) What is mainly discussed in the (second) paragraph?
c) The text mainly tells us about…
d) The topic of the text is…
e) What is the topic of the paragraph?
f) What is the text about?
g) What is the best title for the text?
Jenis pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut diatas dapat diatasi dengan previewing dengan maksud untuk mendapatkan gambaran secara umum dari isi wacana.
a) bacalah judul wacana tersebut jika ada.
b) baca kalimat awal dan /atau akhir setiap paragraph dan simpulkan.
Kenapa harus kalimat awal dan bukan kalimat kedua ,ketiga,keempat dan seterusnya? Hal ini dikarenakan pikiran utama sering terdapat pada awal atau akhir suatu paragraph. Namun bisa juga muncul ditengah-tengah paragraph atau bahkan muncul secara implisit. Kalimat kedua,ketiga dan seterusnya hanyalah merupakan kalimat pendukung ( supporting sentence ) yang menjelaskan tentang pikiran utama( Main idea). Dengan menyimpulkan kalimat awal dan atau kalimat akhir paragraph, akan sangat membantumu untuk mengetahui isi wacana secara global.
Bagaimana cara menemukan pikiran utama sebuah paragraph?
Untuk bisa menentukan manakah kalimat yang menjadi pikiran utama suatu paragraph ,maka cari tahu :
- Ide apakah yang paling umum dibicarakan dalam wacana tersebut?
- Kalimat-kalimat mana saja yang menjadi kalimat pendukung (suppoting ideas )?
- Kalimat manakah yang di jelaskan oleh kalimat-kalimat pendukung tadi? Terletak pada kalimat awal ataukah kalimat akhir paragraph tersebut?
- Selamat mencoba! Practice makes perfect.
Cobalah menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan latihan berikut ini.
The idea that coffee is bad for your heart pops up periodically. Over the last 20
years several studies—mainly in Europe—found that regular drinking very strong coffee could sharply increase cholesterol levels. Researchers even isolated fatlike chemicals, cafestol and kahweol, responsible for the rise. It turned out that the European brewing method—boiling water sits on the coffee grounds for several minutes before straining—produces high concentrations of cofestol and kahweol. By contrast, filter and percolation methods remove all but a trace of these chemicals. Moreover, the studies involved large amounts of coffee—five to six cup a day. Average coffee drinkers consume only two cups.
The topic of the text is
A. the bad effects of strong, coffee
B. the correct way of brewing coffee
C. fat contents in coffee
D. dangerous substances in coffee
E. the link between coffee and heart disease
Two common types of body decoration in tribal societies are tattooing and scarification. A tattoo is a design or mark made by putting a kind of dye (usually dark blue) into a cut in the skin. In scarification, dirt or ashes are put into the cuts instead of dye. In both of these cases, the result is a design that is unique to the person’s tribe. Three lines on each side of a man’s face identify him as a member of the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria. A complex geometric design on a woman’s back identifies her as Nubba—and also makes her more beautiful in the eyes of her people.
What is the topic of the paragraph? A.The method of tattooing B. Materials used in body decoration C. Unique designs in tattooing D. Body decoration in tribal societies E.The Yoruba tribe in Nigeria
Would you please bring my laptop and flash disk to Uncle Jack? He needs them for his presentation at the meeting tomorrow. But before you go to his house, I’d like you to go to the stationery to buy a tube of ink and paper because he wants to print some of
his paper for the participants. Don’t forget to tell him to return them before Wednesday.
My best wishes for Ani and Linda.
The text tells about ….
A. the meeting tomorrow
B. uncle Jack’s presentation
C. paper for the presentation
D. best wishes for Ani and Linda
E. things to bring and buy for uncle Jack
During the past five years, the number of Americans killed annually in car accident has climbed to more than 55,000.This needless slaughter on streets and highways can be attributed to three general causes. (1) Mechanical failures, especially those related to faulty brakes and bad tires, account for significant number of fatal accidents. (2) Environmental conditions such as blind corners, narrow streets, heavy fogs, intermittent rain or snow resulting in slippery roads also contribute to grisly accident statistics. (3) But without doubt the most frequently reported factors in car accidents are errors of’ human judgment all the way from the follies as excessive speed and drunken driving to such momentary lapses as failure to signal a turn or a change form one lane to another. The man behind the wheel is often his own worst enemy.
What is the main idea of the passage?
A. The number of American killed in the car accident
B. The worst enemy on the roads
C. he three general causes of car accident
D. Statistics on car accident
E. Findings on the increasing numbers of car accident
Many reasons causing languages to change can be illustrated by the following concepts. First, various language that started from the same parent developed their own uniqueness after groups of speakers drifted away from one another to establish isolated, independent communities. The second major causes of language change are the influence of the interaction with foreign cultures, often as a result of military conquest. The third cause for change is rapidly expanding technology and new systems of communication that bring all cultures and languages into closer contact, with borrowing between languages a common phenomenon in the contemporary world. All languages change as the experiences of their speakers change.
What is the main information of the passage?
A. Three concepts illustrating why languages change
B. The uniqueness of Languages
C. Experiences that lead language to change
D. interaction with foreign cultures becoming the major cause language to change
E. A common phenomenon of language change
Last week was a hectic week. I have been touring East Java and Bali. There were so many things that I’ve experienced that it’s difficult to write about all of them.
I arrived in Yogyakarta, on Sunday. I stayed in a cheap accommodation, a wisma. The room was clean and I could get hot water to bathe. On Monday, I went with a tour group to visit Borobudur and the Hindu temples in Prambanan. Some of these temples are more than twelve hundred years old. They date well beyond the churches in my hometown in Europe; I was amazed at the enormity of the construction. I’m sure they did not have the heavy machines we have today to raise and lay those huge blocks of stone. The carvings on the walls were another feature of the construction.
I’m getting used to the spicy food served here. I have eaten fresh fish, lamb and beef. I know you don’t eat all this but I’ve got used to it. On Tuesday I decided to go for a hike to Mount Merapi. But I found out that it was a difficult climb. So I went to the forest park in Kaliurang. That was a lovely walk that made me hot and tired. But I managed to cool off in a waterfall in the park then walked up to a hill nearby where 1 could see the smoky, fiery Mount Merapi.
The main idea of the second paragraph is ….
A. the writer arrived in Yogyakarta
B. Borobudur, Prambanan temples and the carvings amazed the writer
C. the writer visited Borobudur and Prambanan temples with a tour group
D. the temples are older than the churches in Europe
E. the writer spent the night at a cheap wisma.
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The text talks about ….
A. Sunwel Beach Residences Ketewel
B. Bali’s apartment development
C. A dream becomes reality
D. Hotel Mulia Senayan
E. Prime property
A farmer came across a bird with a broken wing. He picked it up, took it home and looked after it lovingly, even though his wife complained bitterly about his wasting too much time on the creature. After some time, the wing mended and, because the bird did not want the farmer to have kept on arguing with his wife all the time, it decided to go back to its nest. When the farmer discovered that the bird was gone, he was so upset that he went out to look for it. Eventually, he found it again, and was greeted happily by the whole family of the bird. As a sign of their thanks for his care and attention, the birds gave him a little box, and told him not to open it until he got home. To his surprise, the farmer found the box full of precious stones. When his wife saw them, she decided that she too deserved a reward, and she went to see the birds. The birds gave her a little casket; but this one was full of devils. The devils jumped on her as soon as she opened the casket and chased her away. Left alone, the farmer went to live near his friend, the bird. There he built a hut of perfumed wood; and the birds decorated it with flowers of every kind
What is the main information discussed in the third paragraph?
A. The bird left the farmer.
B. The birds welcomed the farmer.
C. The farmer got a little casket from the birds.
D. The farmer was so angry and went out to find the bird.
E. The farmer was happy having got a box of precious stones
YONKERS, Nov 12th. A four alarm fire damaged 14 stores today in the Cross County Shopping Center, the largest shopping center in Westchester County. Two fire investigators said the blaze apparently started in a pile of cardboard cartons at the rear of a shoe store and spread through a utilities duct above the 13 other stores. The fire started at 4.40 p.m. and was declared under control at 6.14 p.m. The center is on the Cross County Parkway at the Gov. Thomas E. Dewey Thruway. Five fire-fighters were busy at the scene. Lieut. John Carey of the Yonkers Arson Squad said the cause of the fire was under investigation.
The text mainly tells us about … A. the Yonkers Arson Squad B. the blaze at a shoe store C. a fire in the shopping center D. a shopping center in the cross country E. The largest shopping center in Westchester County
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1. Decrease smell pollution
2. Balance mutual micro-organisms
3. Increase quality and quantity of cattle product
How to use:
1. To get satisfying result, dissolve I cc EM-4 per liter water every day
2. Spray 1 cc EM per liter of water every week on the floor, wall, and manure.
Agent: PT. Songgolangit
Distributor : JI. Ki Hajar Dewantara 46Jakarta
Phone : (021) 7894529
This text tells us about …
A.Organism B. Fermentation C. cattle product D. contact address E. the use of EM – 4